Pantaskah Muslimah Bercadar Diberi Kartu Merah ?

Rektor Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta (UIN Suka), Yudian Wahyudi mengeluarkan Surat Keputusan yang melarang mahasiswinya menggunakan cadar. Keputusan itu diambil dengan pertimbangan untuk mencegah meluasnya aliran Islam Anti-Pancasila. Keputusan ini menjadi primadona yang hangat diperbincangkan menyusul dengan Pro dan Kontra.

Bercadar merupakan cara berpakaian beberapa Muslimah yang menutup seluruh aurat mereka (termasuk Wajah) yang hanya memberi ruang untuk mata (melihat).

Dalam Fikih Islam, memang terdapat berbagai pandangan para Fuqaha (Ahli Fikih) tentang “Bercadar”. Diantaranya seperri Mazhab Syafi’i dan Hanbali yang menganggap aurat wanita adalah seluruh tubuhnya, kedua mazhab ini memerintahkan Muslimah untuk menutupi wajahnya dengan cadar. Sedangkan, Ulama yang tidak mewajibkan bercadar diantaranya adalah Ulama Hanafi dan Maliki. Ulama Hanafi Asy Syaranbalali mengatakan, seluruh tubuh wanita adalah aurat kecuali wajah dan telapak tangan dalam serta telapak tangan luar.

Kontroversi Bercadar, Pro & Kontra Masing-masing memiliki alasan & argumen yang mungkin sama-sama Shahih menurut kacamata masing-masing ulama.

Cara pandangan yang beragam mengenai hakikat bagaimana seharusnya seorang muslimah menutup auratnya tentu bisa menimbulkan banyak sekte dalam berpandangan entah hanya dalam berpakaian, tetapi Sekte-sekte ini tidak begitu menjadi permasalahan yang dipermasalahkan apabila kita berpikir secara Objektif & Pluralis, terlebih kita hidup di lingkungan yang Majemuk dalam berbagai hal.

Dari banyaknya pandangan mengenai Hakikat Fashion seorang Muslimah, ada beberapa Paradigma yang justru dinilai memarginalilasi satu golongan diatas golongan lain, yakni adalah ketika Muslimah Bercadar dinilai sebagai kaum Ekstrimisme – Radikal, yang dapat menimbulkan rasa sensitif & cenderung mematikan karakter Muslimah Bercadar dengan berpandangan bahwa dengan bercadar membuat dirinya menjadi Asosial menciderai Pancasila, inilah yang menjadi latar belakang Rektor UIN SUKA mengeluarkan SK Larangan Bercadar.

Pandangan lain pun muncul pada Muslimah yang tidak memilih bercadar bahkan tidak berhijab sering kali dinilai sebagai sosok yang menganut paham Islam Liberal yang dapat mencederai Representatif Muslimah dalam Islam.

Dari berbagai pendapat yang berbeda, munculah pertanyaan, lantas mana yang lebih tepat dalam konteks Keislaman & Kebangsaan ?Apakah keputusan Rektor UIN SUKA merupakan jalan keluar untuk merawat kebhinekaan Bangsa Indonesia ? Apakah ini sikap yang benar dalam konteks keummatan & kebangsaan ?

Bercadar & Tidak Bercadar merupakan bentuk Kebebasan Pribadi setiap orang, termasuk seorang Muslimah. Pertama kebebasan dalam menentukan haluan berpakaian secara pribadi dan yang kedua merupakan wujud kebebasan tentang bagaimana seorang ummat memaknai ajaran Tuhannya dan tentu setiap orang akan selalu berbeda pandangan.

Bercadar & tidak bercadar bukan merupakan hal yang pantas dipermasalahkan, terlebih ini sudah menyentuh ranah individual yang tidak ada barometer pengukurnya apakah diperbolehkan atau justru dilarang.

Cara merawat kebhinekaan Bangsa Indonesia adalah dengan menghargai setiap perbedaan yang hidup di dalamnya, termasuk Fashion Berpakaian setiap pemeluk agama termasuk Muslimah.

Dengan dikeluarkannya larangan ini, boleh saya berpendapat justru sikap rigid seperti inilah yang menimbulkan gesekan & menciptakan sekte-sekte antar ummat semakin sensitif. Lalu dari sisi manakah Larangan Bercadar ini dinilai merawat sisi Pancasilais Bangsa Indonesia ?

Pantaskah Muslimah Bercadar diberi Kartu Merah seperti ini ? Pantaskah Larang Bercadar dijadikan alasan merawat KeBhinekaan ? atau justru hanya mengatasnamakan Pancasila ?

Mungkin ada solusi yang lebih tepat dan solutif dalam merawat kebhinekaan tanpa perlu mematikan satu pihak dengan cap Golongan Radikal atau Golongan Liberal, Golongan pendukung Pancasila atau Anti Pancasila. Karena perdebatan itulah yang melemahkan toleransi antar sesama ummat islam.

Mungkinkah ada kepentingan pribadi/ golongan di balik Surat Keputusan yang ditetapkan Rektor UIN SUKA ? WaAllahuAlam. Merawat Pancasila tidak dengan memarginalisasikan suatu golongan atau mematikan Hak Pribadi seseorang.



Nadya Hendriyan Putri

(Mahasiswi Jurnalistik UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta – Ketua Umum Kohati Komfakda HMI Cab. Ciputat).



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