Resensi Arus Balik; Sebuah Epos Pasca Kejayaan Nusantara di Awal Abad 16

Judul Buku : Arus Balik
Penulis        : Pramoedya Ananta Toer
Penerbit      : Hasta Mitra, 2002
Dimensi      : 15×23 cm l Softcover
Tebal           : 1192 hlm
ISBN            : 979-8659-04-x
Oleh             : Lapmi HMI Cabang Ciputat

 

Berhasil dengan masterpiece pertamanya, Tetralogi Buru; Bumi Manusia, Jejak Langkah, Anak Sebuah Bangsa dan Rumah Kaca, Pram kembali menghadirkan Tetralogi keduanya yang tidak kalah luar biasa. Yang pertama Arok Dedes, Mata Pusaran, Arus Balik dan Mangir. Meskipun karya kedua dalam Tetralogi ini, Mata Pusaran, sampai sekarang belum pernah ditemukan setelah beberapa saat ketika Pram balik dari Pulau Buru, teks cikal bakal Mata Pusaran ini lenyap dirampas orang (yang katanya suruhan Jendral) dan sampai sekarang tidak pernah dikembalikan.

Arus Balik, mengisahkan tentang sebuah arus yang berbalik. Setelah keruntuhan kerajaan Majapahit (1478 M) membuat arus Nusantara yang dahulunya merupakan mercusuar dari Selatan yang selalu mendominasi Utara, akhirnya harus menerima kenyataaan bahwa arus yang selama ini berjalan, telah berbalik. Hingga pada akhirnya Indonesia dan sekitarnya (Nusantara saat itu) harus menerima kenyataan sekian abad lamanya terjajah.

Kemahiran Pram dalam mengisahkan suasana yang terjadi saat itu dengan gaya bahasa yang seakan-akan kita ikut terlibat didalamnya, membuat kita akan sangat mudah mengetahui kebudayaan, pola pikir dan ikut merasakan perjuangan masyarakat Nusantara saat itu yang dalam hal ini di fokuskan pada wilayah Tuban.

Pada awalnya Nusantara sebagai wilayah selatan Asia mampu menjadi mercusuar peradaban dunia dengan kerajaan yang maha besarnya, Majapahit, yang kekuasaannya tersebar hingga Tumasik (sekarang Singapura), Malaya (Malaysia), dan beberapa negera ASEAN lainya, namun itu hanyalah dongengan belaka bagi masyarakat Nusantara waktu itu (sekitar tahun 1251 M). Kerajaan Majapahit sudahlah hancur dalam perang saudara tak berkesudahan, wafatnya sang Mahapatih Sakti Mandraguna Gajah Mada menjadi titik awal, kemudian berturut-turut peristiwa menggrogoti kerajaan ini, dan akhirnya lenyap setelah kedatangan agama Islam.

Setelah itu Arus pun berbalik, kerajaan-kerajaan yang dahulunya berada dalam kekuasaan Majapahit akhirnya melepaskan diri. Para keturunan bangsawan Majapahit pun lebih memilih konsentrasi pada wilayah kekusaaan yang tersisa, termasuk Raja Tuban, Adipati Arya Teja Tumenggung Wilwatikta.

Tidak seperti nenek moyangnya yang selalu ambisius melebarkan sayap kekuasaan, Wilwatikta tidak berhasrat sama sekali untuk memperluas kekuasaanya, “Perdamaian jauh lebih berarti buat rakyat” ucapnya. Tapi, masa depan Tuban akan berubah drastis bukan saja bergeraknya arus dari eksternal (kedatangan Portugis) dan internal (hadirnya Demak yang ambisius), namun yang lebih penting munculnya sosok Galeng pemuda desa yang hadir dalam hingar bingar arus tersebut dengan cemerlang nya wibawa dan mahir nya memikat hati masyarakat sekitarnya lewat kemahiran silatnya.

Berawal dari kejuaraan gulat yang tiap tahun di gelar oleh Adipati, Galeng muncul sebagai juara yang tak pernah terkalahkan setiap tahunnya. Galeng karena kehebatannya, mendapat penghormatan yang luar biasa dari Adipati dinikahkan dengan Idayu, gadis ayu pujaan hatinya yang tidak lain adalah calon selir Adipati Tuban karena ayunya paras serta kemolekan dan kebeningan kulit yang menawan setiap penduduk Tuban kala itu. Namun dengan ikatan janji yang sudah diutarakan, Adipati akan menuruti segala kemauan Idayu apabila dalam kontes tari lalu Idayu tampil sebagai juara. Dan Adipati pun tidak bisa menolak permintaan Idayu yang dengan segera ingin menikah dengan juara gulat Tuban idamannya, Galeng.

Galeng, yang dengan nasib baiknya memperistri Idayu, karena restu Adipati diamanatkan menjadi prajurit pengawal kerajaan dibawah pimpinan Patih Rama Cluring. Tak begitu lama, Galeng dengan kemahiran gulatnya, berkesempatan mengawal pasukan Tuban untuk bergabung bersama Demak dibawah pimpinan adpiati Unus menghadang Protugis dan Ispannya di Malaka meskipun pulang dengan kabar kurang membahagiakan.

Awal karir Galeng pun dimulai. Dengan berbagai konflik, dinamika dan penghianatan dalam misi pertamanya ini, Ia banyak belajar tentang arti sebuah kesetiaan kepada tanah kelahiran. Oleh sebagian mereka yang pendatang, dengan segala kepentingan mencoba memanfaatkan habis-habisan mengadu domba masyarakat Tuban dengan menyebarkan penghianatan.

Dengan kesadaran ini, lewat restu Adipati, Galeng memimpin langsung pasukan untuk menyerbu markas Rangga Iskak alias Iskak Indrajit alias Kiai Benggala alias Sunan Rajek yang mencoba merongrong persatuan Tuban karena dendam sakit hatinya kepada Adipati akibat jabatan Syahbandar yang dulunya Ia sandang kini digeser oleh Sayid Habibullah Almasawa, orang yang cakap bicara asal Protugis. Dan dewa Bharata masih berada pada pihak Galeng. Pertempuran beberapa Minggu ini akhirnya dimenangkan oleh pasukan Tuban.

Pertempuran demi pertempuran akhirnya meletus saat Demak dengan ambisius nya ingin menguasai pulau Jawa. Dan tahap pertama adalah merebut kekuasaan Tuban dibawah kendali Adipati Trenggono, adik Adipati Unus sekaligus pembunuhnya. Dan berkat pengalaman dan keahlian berperang, pasukan Tuban berhasil mengusir Demak dengan tentara Gajah andalan Tuban dipimpin langsung oleh Galeng sebagai Senopati. Meskipun pada saat itu, Tuban sudah kehilangan nyawa pemimpinnya, Adipati Arya Teja Tumenggung Wilwatikta.

10433 Views

74 Comments

  1. I needed to write you that little remark to be able to say thank you as before considering the beautiful secrets you’ve shared here. It’s quite tremendously generous with you to supply unreservedly what many of us might have advertised as an e book to make some cash for their own end, primarily considering that you might have tried it if you wanted. The secrets additionally served to become a easy way to recognize that most people have similar keenness just like my own to understand great deal more with respect to this condition. I am sure there are numerous more fun moments in the future for people who start reading your website.

  2. I have to express some thanks to this writer for bailing me out of this type of circumstance. Just after surfing through the world wide web and coming across ideas which are not powerful, I figured my life was well over. Living minus the answers to the issues you’ve fixed by way of your main article is a crucial case, as well as the kind that would have negatively affected my career if I hadn’t discovered your blog. That competence and kindness in handling the whole thing was priceless. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t come across such a point like this. I am able to now relish my future. Thanks a lot so much for your expert and results-oriented guide. I will not be reluctant to recommend your blog post to anyone who needs to have counselling on this topic.

  3. I wish to express my thanks to the writer just for bailing me out of this scenario. Because of looking out through the world-wide-web and finding recommendations that were not powerful, I was thinking my life was over. Being alive devoid of the answers to the difficulties you have solved as a result of your good short article is a serious case, as well as the kind which could have in a negative way damaged my career if I hadn’t come across your blog. Your primary competence and kindness in touching every part was excellent. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not discovered such a thing like this. It’s possible to now relish my future. Thank you so much for the specialized and results-oriented guide. I will not hesitate to endorse your web site to anyone who requires guidelines about this topic.

  4. I am only writing to let you be aware of of the superb discovery my child experienced viewing your web page. She figured out so many things, not to mention what it’s like to have a wonderful helping character to get a number of people without hassle fully grasp chosen problematic subject areas. You truly exceeded her expectations. Thank you for presenting such essential, safe, informative and fun guidance on your topic to Julie.

  5. I really wanted to type a quick remark so as to say thanks to you for all of the wonderful tips and tricks you are writing on this site. My time-consuming internet investigation has now been paid with beneficial content to exchange with my neighbours. I would believe that most of us website visitors are definitely endowed to exist in a good community with very many marvellous people with good secrets. I feel very privileged to have used the weblog and look forward to so many more cool moments reading here. Thank you once more for a lot of things.

  6. I’m just writing to make you understand what a notable encounter my daughter had going through your web site. She came to understand too many things, which include what it is like to have a marvelous giving nature to make other folks completely comprehend various very confusing subject matter. You undoubtedly surpassed my desires. Thanks for distributing these important, trusted, explanatory and fun tips about that topic to Emily.

  7. I definitely wanted to compose a brief message in order to express gratitude to you for all of the pleasant solutions you are giving here. My extended internet research has finally been honored with useful ideas to go over with my colleagues. I would state that that most of us site visitors actually are rather endowed to live in a wonderful site with so many outstanding individuals with very helpful strategies. I feel somewhat happy to have come across your entire website and look forward to some more amazing moments reading here. Thanks a lot again for a lot of things.

  8. I just wanted to construct a quick word in order to thank you for all the splendid items you are writing on this site. My rather long internet search has at the end been paid with extremely good knowledge to write about with my pals. I ‘d mention that most of us readers actually are extremely endowed to exist in a decent network with so many lovely individuals with very beneficial methods. I feel truly grateful to have discovered your webpage and look forward to some more entertaining moments reading here. Thanks once again for everything.

  9. I’m also writing to make you know what a beneficial discovery my wife’s daughter gained viewing your web page. She even learned numerous details, with the inclusion of what it’s like to have an awesome helping style to have other people without problems thoroughly grasp a variety of very confusing subject matter. You truly exceeded our expected results. Thank you for producing such effective, safe, informative not to mention unique tips about this topic to Ethel.

  10. Thank you so much for providing individuals with an extremely memorable opportunity to discover important secrets from this web site. It’s usually very beneficial and also full of fun for me personally and my office friends to visit your blog at a minimum thrice in 7 days to study the newest guidance you have got. And indeed, we are certainly contented with the mind-blowing information you give. Certain 2 ideas in this post are clearly the simplest we have all had.

  11. I must show some thanks to this writer for rescuing me from such a problem. As a result of looking out through the search engines and coming across views that were not beneficial, I believed my entire life was done. Existing minus the answers to the issues you have resolved by means of your blog post is a serious case, and ones which may have in a negative way affected my career if I had not encountered the website. The mastery and kindness in playing with every item was precious. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come across such a point like this. I am able to now relish my future. Thanks for your time very much for your reliable and results-oriented help. I won’t think twice to refer your blog post to any individual who will need tips on this matter.

  12. I simply had to thank you so much once more. I’m not certain the things that I would have undertaken without the entire strategies discussed by you concerning my question. It was actually a very difficult matter in my opinion, but considering a new specialised technique you treated that took me to leap with gladness. I will be thankful for your work and then sincerely hope you realize what an amazing job you have been putting in teaching people with the aid of a web site. I am certain you have never come across all of us.

  13. Thank you for all your work on this blog. My daughter delights in conducting internet research and it is obvious why. My partner and i know all about the dynamic method you give useful steps through this web blog and as well as recommend contribution from other individuals on the issue while our simple princess is now starting to learn a lot. Enjoy the remaining portion of the year. You are always performing a stunning job.

  14. Needed to post you a tiny note to give many thanks over again about the magnificent information you have discussed at this time. It was certainly unbelievably open-handed with you to offer without restraint precisely what a lot of people would have made available as an ebook to make some bucks for their own end, most importantly considering the fact that you might well have done it if you decided. Those creative ideas additionally acted to become fantastic way to be aware that most people have a similar passion just as mine to find out way more on the subject of this issue. I am certain there are lots of more pleasurable times ahead for individuals who browse through your site.

  15. I truly wanted to type a quick remark in order to thank you for those magnificent tactics you are giving out at this website. My long internet research has now been paid with excellent suggestions to write about with my great friends. I ‘d admit that most of us site visitors are definitely endowed to live in a useful site with many special individuals with very helpful advice. I feel rather lucky to have come across the web page and look forward to tons of more fun times reading here. Thanks a lot once again for a lot of things.

  16. I enjoy you because of all of your effort on this web page. My mom really likes conducting research and it is easy to see why. A lot of people know all regarding the compelling ways you render effective information on the web blog and as well welcome participation from the others on that topic so our princess is now studying a lot of things. Have fun with the rest of the new year. Your doing a fantastic job.

  17. I’m writing to make you be aware of of the notable encounter my wife’s girl developed checking your webblog. She realized so many things, with the inclusion of how it is like to have an incredible coaching style to make folks without difficulty know precisely selected very confusing subject matter. You undoubtedly surpassed readers’ expected results. Thank you for displaying the informative, trusted, explanatory and as well as easy guidance on this topic to Julie.

  18. I must convey my respect for your kind-heartedness for men and women who need guidance on your study. Your real commitment to passing the solution all over had been pretty advantageous and have consistently permitted regular people like me to attain their endeavors. Your own interesting advice indicates this much to me and far more to my peers. Many thanks; from everyone of us.

  19. A lot of thanks for all of your effort on this website. My mother loves working on investigation and it’s really obvious why. I learn all relating to the lively form you give powerful strategies via your web blog and even cause response from others on that subject plus our simple princess has always been starting to learn so much. Have fun with the rest of the year. You are always conducting a stunning job.

  20. My spouse and i ended up being quite satisfied that John could round up his survey with the ideas he had through the weblog. It is now and again perplexing just to choose to be releasing helpful tips others might have been trying to sell. We really understand we now have you to thank because of that. The most important explanations you’ve made, the simple web site navigation, the relationships you can help to instill – it’s all awesome, and it’s aiding our son in addition to our family consider that that concept is excellent, which is highly vital. Thank you for the whole lot!

  21. My husband and i got very relieved when Emmanuel could carry out his research with the ideas he got using your weblog. It’s not at all simplistic just to be freely giving key points which a number of people may have been trying to sell. Therefore we figure out we need the website owner to thank because of that. The main illustrations you’ve made, the easy web site navigation, the friendships you can assist to instill – it’s most overwhelming, and it’s really making our son in addition to us understand the concept is brilliant, and that is tremendously essential. Many thanks for the whole lot!

  22. I and also my guys ended up looking at the nice pointers from the website then the sudden got a terrible suspicion I had not thanked the web blog owner for those strategies. All of the people are already for that reason warmed to read them and already have really been having fun with them. Thank you for getting simply considerate as well as for going for varieties of decent subject matter most people are really eager to understand about. My sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.

  23. I wanted to compose you a tiny remark to be able to thank you again just for the spectacular opinions you have provided above. It’s simply shockingly generous with you to grant extensively just what a number of us might have offered as an e-book to generate some cash for their own end, precisely given that you could have done it if you ever decided. Those good tips likewise served to be a fantastic way to be aware that other people have similar desire the same as my very own to realize many more with regards to this issue. I’m sure there are several more pleasant opportunities in the future for many who read through your blog post.

  24. I must point out my passion for your kindness for visitors who really want help on this idea. Your special commitment to passing the message up and down became definitely interesting and has constantly empowered many people just like me to get to their pursuits. This interesting publication signifies much to me and extremely more to my office workers. Thank you; from everyone of us.

  25. I would like to show my gratitude for your generosity for men and women who actually need guidance on this important subject. Your very own dedication to passing the solution all-around ended up being pretty significant and have truly allowed regular people much like me to achieve their ambitions. Your invaluable report entails a whole lot a person like me and especially to my peers. Regards; from everyone of us.

  26. I wanted to compose you one bit of remark just to say thanks a lot the moment again on your splendid strategies you’ve provided above. It’s simply wonderfully generous with people like you to make extensively all that a few people would’ve offered for sale as an electronic book to make some dough for their own end, principally considering the fact that you could have tried it in case you desired. Those suggestions likewise acted as the easy way to fully grasp that some people have similar zeal just like mine to figure out a whole lot more with respect to this matter. I’m certain there are numerous more pleasurable moments ahead for many who browse through your blog.

  27. I’m also writing to let you be aware of what a beneficial experience my cousin’s child found viewing your web site. She figured out numerous details, including what it’s like to have an incredible helping nature to get the others completely learn about specified very confusing things. You undoubtedly surpassed our expectations. I appreciate you for displaying these essential, healthy, revealing and unique tips about this topic to Sandra.

  28. I simply needed to thank you so much yet again. I’m not certain the things I might have followed in the absence of those pointers discussed by you directly on that situation. This was the traumatic scenario in my position, but seeing the specialised fashion you processed the issue made me to leap for gladness. Now i am happier for the advice and then expect you recognize what a great job you’re putting in teaching people today through your webpage. I am certain you have never met any of us.

  29. A lot of thanks for each of your work on this site. My mum enjoys participating in investigation and it’s easy to see why. I hear all regarding the dynamic way you offer simple ideas by means of this blog and even recommend contribution from some others about this concern so my child is without a doubt understanding a lot. Enjoy the rest of the year. You’re carrying out a fantastic job.

  30. I enjoy you because of every one of your hard work on this site. My mum loves making time for internet research and it’s obvious why. Many of us know all of the dynamic tactic you present advantageous tips and tricks through the web site and in addition encourage contribution from website visitors on the issue then our daughter is always discovering a lot. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. You’re the one conducting a first class job.

  31. Thanks a lot for giving everyone remarkably superb chance to read from here. It’s usually very cool plus full of a lot of fun for me personally and my office acquaintances to search your website the equivalent of three times every week to find out the latest guidance you will have. And lastly, I’m just usually fascinated concerning the astonishing principles served by you. Selected 4 areas on this page are rather the finest I’ve ever had.

  32. I in addition to my guys came viewing the excellent recommendations on your web blog and then then got an awful feeling I never expressed respect to you for those secrets. These young men are already stimulated to read through all of them and have now actually been making the most of these things. Many thanks for really being indeed kind and for considering variety of great issues most people are really desirous to learn about. My sincere regret for not saying thanks to you sooner.

  33. My husband and i felt now fulfilled when Albert managed to do his investigation by way of the ideas he discovered out of your web site. It’s not at all simplistic to simply find yourself giving for free ideas which often others have been selling. We do know we have got the website owner to appreciate because of that. The main explanations you made, the easy web site navigation, the friendships your site help promote – it is everything great, and it is aiding our son in addition to our family feel that that idea is cool, which is certainly pretty fundamental. Thanks for everything!

  34. I have to convey my appreciation for your generosity giving support to women who actually need help with the topic. Your real dedication to passing the solution all through appears to be incredibly invaluable and has usually empowered others like me to get to their ambitions. The valuable key points denotes a great deal to me and especially to my office colleagues. Thanks a ton; from everyone of us.

  35. I have to express my appreciation to you for rescuing me from this type of scenario. Right after exploring throughout the internet and obtaining basics that were not beneficial, I believed my entire life was gone. Being alive minus the solutions to the problems you have fixed by means of your entire article content is a crucial case, and ones which might have negatively damaged my career if I had not noticed your website. That competence and kindness in playing with all the things was priceless. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not come across such a subject like this. I am able to at this time look ahead to my future. Thank you so much for the skilled and sensible guide. I will not be reluctant to propose the blog to any person who should receive guidance about this issue.

  36. Thanks for all your hard work on this website. Ellie enjoys carrying out internet research and it is simple to grasp why. My spouse and i hear all relating to the dynamic form you produce efficient tricks on the blog and in addition increase participation from other people on the subject matter so my girl is now studying a whole lot. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You are always carrying out a remarkable job.

  37. My husband and i were quite cheerful Peter managed to finish up his survey through the ideas he was given out of your web pages. It’s not at all simplistic to simply happen to be giving freely tips which often other folks have been trying to sell. And we all figure out we have the blog owner to give thanks to for this. All of the illustrations you made, the simple website menu, the relationships you can make it possible to engender – it’s most fantastic, and it is letting our son in addition to the family know that this article is awesome, which is truly essential. Thanks for all the pieces!

  38. I not to mention my pals ended up looking through the best information and facts located on your website and all of a sudden I had a terrible suspicion I had not thanked the web blog owner for those tips. These young boys appeared to be as a consequence happy to learn them and have unquestionably been enjoying those things. Many thanks for turning out to be quite thoughtful and also for getting variety of marvelous ideas millions of individuals are really eager to know about. My honest apologies for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.

  39. I together with my pals ended up taking note of the excellent tricks on your website then all of the sudden I had a horrible suspicion I never expressed respect to the site owner for those tips. The young men were definitely as a consequence stimulated to read them and already have seriously been enjoying them. Appreciate your indeed being quite kind and then for deciding upon this kind of quality subject areas millions of individuals are really wanting to know about. Our own honest apologies for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.

  40. I and also my buddies happened to be going through the good tips from your site and so instantly I got an awful feeling I had not expressed respect to the site owner for them. My young men became as a consequence passionate to learn all of them and have now surely been using these things. Many thanks for indeed being simply helpful and for picking variety of exceptional tips millions of individuals are really desperate to know about. My personal honest apologies for not expressing appreciation to earlier.

  41. I am glad for writing to make you be aware of what a fabulous discovery my cousin’s girl experienced using your web page. She realized so many details, with the inclusion of how it is like to have a very effective helping mood to make many more completely have an understanding of certain problematic topics. You really did more than my desires. Thanks for distributing those practical, safe, explanatory not to mention easy thoughts on the topic to Mary.

  42. I wish to voice my respect for your kindness in support of folks who must have guidance on this particular content. Your personal commitment to getting the message all through ended up being unbelievably advantageous and have surely permitted associates just like me to reach their aims. Your new important tutorial can mean much a person like me and much more to my colleagues. Warm regards; from all of us.

  43. Hey, nrafiifah!

    OK, I used to be Instagram-”big”, too.

    If you are like me, you have rummaged through Instagram, thinking “how do these darn people get so famous”?

    Picture this: You arise early Friday, even before your alarm buzzes.

    Roll over, check the phone.

    Opening up Instagram.

    Hmmm, you think, Over 1000 likes on one picture.

    Heading to the kitchen, you put the kettle on for some tea and check your Instagram while you wait.

    Bam! Another 20 likes.

    Buzz—another message pops into your inbox from a follower. They are asking you for advice on how you manage your food, and are congratulating you on your third month of hitting the gym.

    As you read it, you begin to smile. It is a amazingly hot person, and they love your posts.

    As you begin to respond, your cell buzzes again.

    Oops, another ping. But you can’t write back—you’ve got to hit the gym.
    Let’s stop the simulation there. Most people have a hard time achieving what they want in life. People can hardly force themselves to eat a good breakfast.

    Now, let’s learn to take control of your Instagram.

    Imagine if you increased your popularity by 100%, or 1000%?

    It is not complicated to do, although almost no one does. Just visit our website. There, you’ll learn how to garner Instagram followers and likes like mad…effortlessly.

    Automagically see tons of likes on your images just minutes after posting.

    The “Top Post” section, all of a sudden, does not seem that far away.

    This is all great, but you’ve actually got to put in the work to make it happen. Actually, it’s not real work.
    1. Visit https://picturestorm.pw
    2. Plug your Instagram username.
    3. 10 – 15 likes are going to be sent to your 3 most recent uploads. Just like that.

    Hitting the Top Post page will 10X your InstaGrowth. But you have got to do more than just want it–you’ve got to do something about it. Are you willing?

    See you soon.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *