Polemik Pembakaran Bendera, Antara Kedunguan Warganet dan Kecerebohan Banser

Oleh: Ahmad Hasyim Fauzan

Satu pekan ini beranda media sosial dipenuhi postingan-postingan warganet terkait polemik pembakaran bendera Hisbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) yang dilakukan oleh beberapa anggota Banser di Garut. Perhatian publik secara otomatis tertuju pada Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) sebagai bapak dari badan otonom Banser. Perdebatan antara NU dan HTI tak kunjung usai hingga saat ini. Meskipun HTI secara resmi telah dibubarkan, namun ada saja pegiat politik yang secara sengaja mengangkat isu ini. Tak heran, dimusim politik seperti sekarang ini semua sarana politik dimanfaatkan untuk dapat terjun didalamnya. Salah satunya mengangkat lagi polemik ideologis yang sebenarnya telah usai.

Menurut Niccollo Machiavelli seorang politikus Italia dalam bukunya yang berjudul “The Prince,” beliau menyebutkan bahwa seorang yang mempunyai ambisi mempertahankan ataupun merebut kekuasaan halal hukumnya untuk menciptakan sebuah konflik perselisihan dan permusuhan. Ternyata gagasan Marchiavelli benar adanya bahwa politikus yang gila jabatan dan kekuasaan tentu harus memanfaatkan situasi seperti sekarang ini.

Sekarang ini ada semacam kontradiksi yang dihadirkan dalam masyarakat kita terkait polemik ini. Yang pertama, asumsi publik bahwa pelaku kasus ini (Banser) telah sengaja membakar bendera yang bertuliskan kalimat tauhid. Sehingga menimbulkan amarah umat Islam secara umum yang menganggap bahwa Banser telah menistakan kalimat tauhid.
Kedua, persepsi pro-Banser bahwa apa yang dilakukan Banser adalah salah satu simbol kecintaan terhadap NKRI. Tentu saja tindakan ini bukan tanpa alasan bahwa yang dibakar adalah bendera HTI bukan kalimat tauhidnya.

Secara historis kebencian terhadap simbol sudah ada sejak perang dunia kedua di Jerman. Simbol Swastika pada bendera Nazi adalah simbol yang paling disucikan dalam tradisi Hindu dan telah berkembang sejak 300 tahun lalu. Sebelum Hitler dan tentara Nazi menodainya dalam berbagai genosida ras, ideologi dan agama di Jerman. Sehingga simbol Swastika tersebut kehilangan maknanya dan mengalami penyimpangan. Yang pada awalnya mempunyai nilai positif menjadi negatif.

Di Indonesia, sejarah telah mencatat kejadian serupa. Misalnya, kita menilai simbol palu arit dalam bendera Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI). Dimana makna dalam lambang palu arit adalah semangat perjuangan kaum buruh dan petani. PKI dibubarkan dan dimusuhi bukan karena simbol palu aritnya yang mulia itu. Namun simbol palu arit tersebut dinodai dengan tindakan pemberontakan yang dilakukan PKI di Madiun dan peristiwa G-30S PKI yang meninggalkan jejak darah dalam sejarah negeri ini.

Sama halnya dengan kalimat tauhid yang tertera dalam bendera HTI. Kalimat tauhid ini juga digunakan pada zaman Nabi Muhammad SAW. Hingga sampai saat ini digunakan Arab Saudi sebagai bendera negara, sekaligus mengaskan bahwa negaranya adalah negara Islam. Akan tetapi kesucian tersebut tercoreng oleh kelompok teroris Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) dalam benderanya. Begitu halnya di Indonesia, kalimat tauhid yang diagungkan umat Islam sedunia ini dinodai dengan propaganda HTI untuk merubah ideologi pancasila menjadi ideologi khilafah.

Sikap dungu kelompok yang mengecam tindakan pembakaran bendera tersebut, dalam menyikapi hal ini tentu menjadi koreksi penting. Contoh, hastag yang viral sepekan ini di medsos yaitu #BubarkanBanser #BekukanNU adalah kedunguan yang tak patut ditiru. Polemik ideologis semacam ini, memang momen yang ditunggu para politikus, dengan mengadu domba lawan ideologis seperti NU demi mendapat peran di musim pesta demokrasi ini.

Menjadi catatan penting juga, bahwa Banser dalam kasus ini menjadi bahan koreksi untuk internal NU sendiri. Kecerobohan oknum yang membakar bendera tersebut, harus berpikir jangka panjang sebab akibat dari tindakannya tersebut. Setidaknya tindakan-tindakan ceroboh tersebut diminimalisir, melihat musim politik seperti sekarang ini sangat rawan terjadinya polemik.
Kasus semacam ini wajib tidak terulang kembali di masa yang akan datang serta menjadi bahan evaluasi, agar NU tidak terlalu mengurusi hal-hal yang tidak begitu penting. Bukan sesuatu yang kita inginkan, ketika tagar #BubarkanBanser #BekukanNU viral di media sosial adalah bentuk keberhasilan lawan ideologis NU dalam memanfaatkan situasi.

Banser sebagai badan otonom dibawah naungan NU, sudah sepatutnya menerapkan sikap toleransi yang tinggi, tidak ceroboh dan selalu mawas diri. Sehingga polemik seperti sekarang ini dapat terhindarkan dan tidak dimanfaatkan oleh politikus ataupun yang ditungganginya.

Masyarakat kita sudah cukup gerah disuguhkan kekonyolan para politikus dan tangan kanannya. Mulai dari kasus hoax, ujaran kebencian, sampai polemik pembakaran bendera tauhid atau bendera HTI. Seolah-olah berdebatan yang dibangun semakin tak berfaedah dan menimbulkan perpecahan.

Ditambah lagi tangan-tangan jahil para netizen dungu yang mengangkat isu ini dengan marah-marah, tak kongkret, tanpa landasan dan tanpa solusi. Menjadi pelajaran bagi kita semua pengguna internet, bijak-bijaklah dalam bermedia sosial. Saya sepakat dengan jargonnya Humas Polri yang berbunyi “Saring Sebelum Sharing.” Bahwa kita dihimbau selalu waspada dalam bermedia sosial, saring dulu apakah postingan dapat menimbulkan perpecahan, apakah postingan itu berisi berita bohong atau tidak. Karena semua sudah ada undang-undang yang berlaku yaitu UU ITE.

 

*Penulis adalah anggota biasa HMI Cabang Tegal Komisariat Sidji Jenar

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